At what period in history did people start to gamble? The exact period is unknown but believe it or not, pairs of dice have been found in Egyptian tombs over 4,000 years old! Also, gambling games were played in ancient China, where Poker is thought to have originated. In 1492 during the Columbus landing, Native Americans were sports betting on the outcome of a game resembling LaCross. So when did it all start in America? Read on. Early AmericaGambling in America started with the first English settlers in the 1600′s. Their traditions included card games that were part of the aristocratic lifestyle. However, when Puritans colonized in Massachusetts Bay they had the freedom to create their own culture which included hostility towards gambling. They outlawed the possession of dice, cards, and gambling table games in their communities. Nevertheless, gambling prevailed in other localities. Many English colonists considered gambling to be a suitable form of entertainment.The RevolutionThe colony of Virginia was the first to realize that lotteries could raise capital for local governments. Eventually all 13 colonies were raising lottery revenue. Proceeds helped build Universities like Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Lotteries also funded churches and libraries. Founding Fathers George Washington, Ben Franklin, and John Hancock were promoters of specific lotteries for public works projects. When the Revolutionary War started, the Continental Congress voted for a $10 million lottery to finance the war.Westward HoDuring the early 1800′s the taverns and road houses allowed dice and card games, creating the first version of casinos. As America’s population began to increase, casinos became more lavish. The Mississippi River was a major trade route where merchants and entrepreneurs brought their cash. Gambling on riverboats became a favorite pastime and New Orleans became the gambling capitol of America. In 1849 gambling followed the pioneers to California during the gold rush. Gambling establishments began to flourish there and west of the Mississippi, including Nevada. In the late 1800′s Roulette was adopted from France and the Slot Machine was invented.Much of the public viewed gambling as a social ill because it was linked to alcoholism and prostitution. Reformers convinced jurisdictions to shut down the Dens of Iniquity. Most states discontinued lotteries as well. Riverboat gambling dried up with the advent of the railroad. By the end of the century only Nevada allowed gambling.20th CenturyIn 1910 Nevada finally shut the door on gambling, which left horse race wagering the only legal entity in America. In 1912 Arizona and New Mexico were granted statehood under the condition that gambling remain outlawed. During the 1920′s prohibition era, the public’s thirst for gambling matched that of alcohol. Casinos went underground along with the speakeasys. In 1931 Nevada legalized gambling again and remained the only state to do so until the latter half of the century. Gambling flourished underground as organized crime made heavy investments in Nevada, and prospered by controlling off track betting and the numbers lottery.During the 1950′s the U.S. Senate investigated organized crime’s link to illegal gambling. Eventually the mob departed Las Vegas. States put bookies out of business by legalizing off track betting and numbers games. Atlantic City approved gambling in 1976, the Indian Gaming Act was approved by congress in the late 1980′s. Dockside riverboat gambling made a comeback, racetracks installed slot machines while Las Vegas reinvented itself by building mega resorts during the 1990′s.Century 21The American Gaming Association reported that there are 832,988 slot machines spread out over 1,151 casinos and racetracks across 44 states with more on the way. It appears that the American culture’s thirst for gambling matches that of the Egyptian Pharaohs! America has embraced gambling as an acceptable form of entertainment.
There is a fundamental difference in the outlook of men and women about gambling. Surprised!! Well it is true. Gambling is an activity a woman can enjoy the most once she is financially and personally independent and this comes as news to both the sexes i.e. both men and women are amazed by this fact. The difference in opinion results from the difference in perception about gambling of men and that of the women. When a woman describes about gambling the focus is very subjective i.e. the atmosphere of the casino or rather the whole environment prevalent there, their feelings and emotions about it and other things associated with it whereas if a man describes the same then the approach is very narrow or to be more precise the focus revolves around the money won or lost which ironically in the case of women is one of the last factor considered.Talking about the preference of the women in gambling, the slot machines are the most commonly enjoyed. There are theories suggesting that gambling for women acts as a means for an escape and also that they prefer games with less action and creativity. Though even other games like cards are popular, the slot machines still are the majority view. The women do not only go to the casinos to pass some good time rather they spend time like they are on a vacation and enjoys every bit of their stay there.To answer a question of the nature that what is the main reason of women for gambling, out of the various answers that pop up we can take three most general ones. Firstly it provides as very good means of escape. This is to say that women can gamble care-free and not bother about who is watching them or what opinion one holds about them as gambling is interaction free. Secondly, as we have been observing, it provides as great source of entertainment. And lastly, some of the women might gamble to become wealthy or rather we can say to improve their financial conditions. Observing the three conditions we can concur on the point that women have good enough and quite logical reasons to gamble.Apart from going to casinos and gambling there in real life, online means of gambling is also luring the females and is becoming popular these days. There can be two factors associated with online gambling by women. Primarily, being able to gamble without even leaving the house and secondly, it offers them a greater sense of privacy. One problem that might be associated withy online gambling is that it often becomes a mod of escaping problems in one’s life thereby, becoming an addiction.Talking about addiction, the major cause, which leads to such, is the accessibility and availability of the gambling outlets and that too is ever escalating. The temptation has further increased to try and gamble, owing to the recent increase in the number of gambling centres as they are now easily legalised.